Mustard Steroid May Help Improve Fitness: North Carolina Study
28-Homobrassinolide (HB) is a brassinosteroid (a steroid found in plants of the Brassica family) which has a potent plant growth stimulating property but has no known function in mammals. The researchers in this study, however, found that homobrassinolide also produces an anabolic effect in mammals, that is, it helps increase protein synthesis in cells, which results in the buildup of tissue. cell which in turn increases appetite and muscle mass as well as the number and size of muscle fibers in animals.
The study involved healthy rats given oral administration of hemobrassinolide daily for 24 days. Changes in their body weight, food intake, and body composition were measured using a double-emission x-ray absorptiometry analysis. The analysis showed an increase in muscle mass in the treated animals compared to those that were not treated.
An increase in muscle mass means a higher basal metabolic rate. A high BMR helps to burn more calories even at rest and thus helps to stay lean and fit.
Homobrassinolide increases protein synthesis and inhibits protein degradation. Research has clearly shown an increase in the number and size of muscle fibers, which is important for increasing physical strength and endurance.
Although the above study and findings are still a bit unexplored, the study provides many interventions and future perspectives in the medical and nutritional sciences.
Experts suggest that plants like mustard could be engineered to be higher in brassinosteroids producing functional foods that could help stay lean, increase muscle mass, and prevent disease.
In the future, supplements or drugs incorporating brassinosteroids could also be developed to provide a safe and effective remedy for muscle loss associated with age and disease. It could also be used as a safe alternative to synthetic steroids with minimal or no side effects by the general population or athletes to build strength and endurance.
In terms of calorie content, mustard greens also score high because they are extremely low in calories. They are rich in antioxidants and have anti-inflammatory properties. They are also a good source of dietary fiber, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and selenium.
Mustard could be an integral part of the diet in the form of a vegetable prepared with the leaves or seeds used in salads, curds and for tempering. Conscious efforts could be made to consume at least 1 teaspoon of mustard with water or as part of the food to experience its benefits.
Reference:Esposito D, Komarnytsky S, Shapses S, Raskin I. Anabolic effect of the vegetable brassinosteroid. FASEB J. 2011 Oct; 25 (10): 3708-19. Online publication of Jul 11, 2011